The hottest packaging product quality management I

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Packaging product quality management (I)

today, with the accelerated pace of economic globalization and increasingly fierce market competition, product quality has become the focus of enterprises' participation in market competition. Product quality is an important measure of enterprise management level, and it is also the key for enterprises to maintain their competitiveness. On the whole, since human beings began to manufacture products, the development history of quality management has begun. Modern quality management began in the 1920s. After decades of development, quality management and quality control technology have been quite perfect, which plays a great role in ensuring and improving product quality. With the continuous progress of science and technology, people have higher and higher requirements for the quality of packaging products. Due to the continuous emergence of new management mode and new production mode, quality management technology is also constantly changing and improving. To sum up, modern quality engineering technology generally has the following development trends. According to these development trends, packaging enterprises should actively respond, timely adjust product quality management methods, and adopt new countermeasures to do a good job in product quality management

one of the trends: the needs of users are diverse, and the production mode of packaging products will gradually increase the number of small batches of multi product microcomputer stripping force experimental machines

countermeasures: vigorously study and promote the application of parallel, real-time, small and medium-sized batch production oriented quality control theory and technology

in the 21st century, the market is dynamic and changeable, and the needs of customers are diverse. Therefore, the small variety and mass production popular in the 20th century will give way to the multi variety and small batch production for customer orders, and the user needs of packaging products will also change. In this production mode, the previously commonly used quality control technology for mass production 4. The instrument should be placed in a dry, clean and vibration free environment, especially the statistical quality control technology is no longer applicable. Because in statistical quality control, there must be a sufficient number of samples, such as no less than 50, in order to draw statistical conclusions, otherwise, the obtained analysis structure will be meaningless. In multi variety and small batch production, the production batch of products is often less than 50, so it is no longer possible to apply the theory of drawing and sampling inspection to quality control. Introducing concurrent engineering technology and real-time control technology into quality control practice will be the main research direction to improve quality in small and medium-sized batch production. The focus of quality control in the manufacturing stage should be on real-time detection and feedback control technology

the quality control in the manufacturing stage is called "conformity" quality control. Its purpose is to make the manufacturing quality of parts and products meet the requirements of design. In mass production, people use control charts and statistical quality inspection technology for quality control. In the medium and small batch production, the quality control should focus on the real-time detection and feedback control technology, and improve the quality of products through detection and feedback control

trend 2: strengthen product quality management by improving product design

countermeasures: pay attention to the quality control in the product design stage, and adopt new technologies such as credibility design, robust design and quality function configuration

according to modern quality management theory, product quality is first designed and then manufactured. Quality inspection can only eliminate waste and defective products, but cannot improve product quality. Therefore, the improvement of design quality should be put in the primary position of quality management and quality control. Because the products with congenital deficiencies in design, sometimes no matter what measures are taken in the subsequent manufacturing process, the final quality of the products cannot be guaranteed. Commodity packaging design is based on certain commodity attributes (including physical, chemical and biological attributes of commodities), commodity physical structure, storage and transportation conditions, space distance conversion, commodity promotion and induction and other needs, from the shape of packaging containers, material selection, decorative patterns, colors, text instructions to the process of making packaged commodities with specific purposes. In this thinking and creation process, the improvement of product quality should be considered as an important factor, and the design scheme should be determined in combination with the actual production capacity and process level of the enterprise. In order to improve the design quality of products, in addition to reviewing the design results, various modern design technologies can also be used in the design process, such as credibility design, robust design, quality function configuration, dynamic design, finite element analysis, simulation technology, etc. to ensure the scientificity and rationality of packaging product design, so as to meet the quality requirements of products

trend 3: production standards give way to trade standards, and the impact of aesthetic quality on packaging products is gradually increasing

countermeasures: determine the quality standard of packaged products according to the actual needs of users, and pay attention to improving the aesthetic quality of packaged products

the quality standards of products are divided into production standards and trade standards. At present, the product standards of domestic packaging enterprises basically implement the quality standards formulated by the relevant government departments, that is, production-oriented standards, and accept the inspection and supervision of the government quality supervision department. How to choose one is satisfactory. Producers aim to produce products that meet or exceed national standards, while internationally accepted standards are trade-oriented. The difference between the two lies in the composition of the standard system. The former is mostly national standards, but it is more formulated by producers according to the market and the situation of the enterprise. In the guiding ideology of formulating standards, the former takes guiding production as the main or even the only goal, and does not pay attention to the changes of market demand, while the latter mainly takes market-oriented and user-oriented as the starting point; In terms of standard indicators, the former has many indicators and detailed projects, while the latter has only a few basic indicators, and other requirements are constantly changing according to the changes of the market. Therefore, it has strong adaptability and locates the product quality standards on the needs of users

in the trade-oriented standard of packaging products, an important concept is the aesthetic quality of packaging products. Packaging products are different from other industrial products in that they have higher aesthetic quality requirements. People not only require commodities to meet their use needs, but also hope to obtain beautiful visual satisfaction and enjoyment in commodities and their packaging. The direct reflection of this kind of visual satisfaction and enjoyment in packaging is the aesthetic quality of product packaging. With the increasing enrichment of social wealth and the improvement of people's cultural quality, people's consumption psychology and need concept have undergone profound changes. When buying goods, people not only value the use value and price of goods, but also attach great importance to enhancing the added value of goods by the aesthetic value, emotional value, social value and other cultural values of goods and packaging. Strengthening the aesthetic quality management of packaging products will become an important aspect of product quality management of packaging enterprises. There are countless examples of Chinese enterprises overstocking and unsalable because of the poor quality of commodity packaging or causing huge economic losses in export earning foreign exchange. On the contrary, there are also examples of overstocked commodities selling well or increasing export earning foreign exchange by slightly improving the aesthetic quality of commodity packaging. (to be continued)

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